Space X or Space Exploration Technologies Corporation was founded on 2002 by its CEO and lead designer Elon Musk. It’s an American aerospace manufacturing and transporting company that designs, manufactures and launches ADVANCED rockets and spacecraft to space. Their ultimate goal is to create a spacecraft that can transport common people from earth to space where they are able to live in the future.
Space X has come to be known worldwide through their historical milestones. In 2010, they became the first PRIVATE Company to ever return a spacecraft from Low Earth Orbit.
In 2012, their very own DRAGON SPACE CRAFT delivered a cargo to the International Space Station – a job that only a government spacecraft had accomplished before. Since then, they have delivered numerous cargos and NASA supplies to the international space station.
This year, Space X achieved the world’s first return flight for their orbital class rocket through their very own FALCON 9.
Up to now the company is flying at least 20 cargos under commercial resupply service contract and was awarded by NASA a minimum of 6 additional flights starting from 2019.
The company has manufactured a total of 3 spacecraft vehicles since 2002 namely FALCON 9, FALCON HEAVY and DRAGON.
According to their website, FALCON 9 is a two-stage rocket that is the first orbital class rocket capable of a return flight. This was designed for rocket reusability to reduce the cost of access to space just like airplanes that can come back and forth from point 1 to point 2.
FALCON HEAVY is the most powerful operational rocket in the world by a factor of two. With the ability to carry over 54 metric tons or a mass equivalent to 737 jumbo jets (fully loaded with fuel, flight crew, passengers, and luggage.)
DRAGON, on the other hand, is a free-flying spacecraft designed to deliver both cargo and people to orbit. It’s more of a tourist bus to space.